Recorded history of East Africa began during the 15th century, when Vasco da Gama arrived in Mombasa in Once da Gama pioneered this water route, the Portuguese ruled the East African coastal strip at Mombasa. Results 1 - 20 of - Explore our list of East African History Books at Barnes & Noble®. Shop now & receive FREE Shipping on orders $25 & up! Discover librarian-selected research resources on East African History from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals.
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It forced most of the populations to migrate to the highlands, where they would be relatively east african history from the ice sheets.
Again, these civilisations had to adapt their farming methods, and change their diet, social habits, clothing and migratory patterns.
This forced an evolution to a certain extent. Body hair was east african history to keep people warm, their skin lightened due to a lack of the harsh rays of the sun that they experienced during the mega-droughts, etc… When this Ice Age came to an end 10 years ago, areas east african history the Sahara were left fertile and healthy.
This made it and the other areas like it the ideal spots in which to settle as ancient man began to descend from the highlands. Animals and plants thrived east african history this environment, which made it very desirable in the eyes of mankind.
These began with a marked growth in the previously marginal slave tradeparticularly at first in the Kilwa region, more especially from to as a result of French demand for slaves in Mauritius and Bourbon. This was succeeded by the discovery that cloves could be successfully grown on Zanzibar and east african history the development of flourishing plantations.
In the event, however, it made very little difference, either on the coast or in the interior, since slaves were being required in growing numbers for the plantations on both Zanzibar and Pemba and for export east african history the Persian Gulf and beyond.
East African History
The increased economic activity that centred upon the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba served to enhance the importance of the smaller towns that stood on the east african history opposite.
It also attracted an influx of European traders, of which the most important were the Americans. Their prime achievement was to capture the cloth trade to East Africa—so that cheap cotton cloth thenceforth came to be known there as Americani.
The British followed with a trade agreement in and a consul in The French made similar provisions inand some Germans from the Hanseatic towns moved in at about the same time. Some of east african history main items of trade, such as ivory, were traditional, but copal, sesame, cloves, cowries, hides, and coconut oil were also important.
Eastern Africa - New World Encyclopedia
Beyond the harsh nyika, or wilderness, which lay immediately inland and was nowhere pierced by a long, navigable river, thornbush country extended to the south, sometimes interspersed with pleasanter plains toward the centre, while to the north cooler forested highlands ran into harsher country.
Westward lay the Great Rift Valley and, beyond, the regions of the great lakes whence the Nile east african history northward through its east african history impassable marshes. Since there are no written records antedating the last century or so for this region, its history has to be deduced from often uncertain linguistic, cultural, and anthropological evidence; from oral traditions—where they are available, which at best is only for recent centuries; and from archaeological findings.
Since investigations and analyses are still at a very early stage and since the first hypotheses have proved vulnerable to criticismthe statements that follow must be only tentative.
Furthermore, all east african history of tribal migration must allow for innumerable short-run moves and may refer only to small—if important—minorities.
British East Africa | historical states, United Kingdom |
They must also take account of probable interactions with other peoples en route and often, indeed, of extensive absorption. Above all, care must be exercised over anachronistic concepts of tribe. Moreover, bolder categories such as Bantu are strictly only linguistic and must be treated with caution.
Two features of the preth-century period may be stressed: During the earlier stages of the Stone Age down to about 50, bce, hand-ax industries were established in the Rift Valley areas of Kenya and of East african history especially east african history Olduvai Gorge and along the Kagera River in Uganda.
During the Mesolithic period thence to c.
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