*This publication supersedes FM , dated 30 August .. the principles and techniques of camouflage, concealment, and decoys. Identifier milmanual-fmcamouflage-concealment-and-decoys. Identifier-ark ark://t77s8xw2n. Ocr ABBYY FineReader Ppi *FM Field Manual. No. Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC, 30 August FM CAMOUFLAGE,. CONCEALMENT, AND.
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FM 20-3, ARMY FIELD MANUAL: CAMOUFLAGE, CONCEALMENT, AND DECOYS (30-AUG-1999)
Fm 20 3 camouflage soldier's actions must contribute to the unit's overall CCD posture to maximize effectiveness. Increased survivability is the goal of a CCD plan.
A unit commander must encourage each soldier to think of survivability and CCD as synonymous terms. CCD reduces the probability of an enemy placing aimed fire on a soldier.
FM Table of Contents
Use natural and artificial materials for CCD. Natural CCD includes defilade, grass, bushes, trees, and shadows.
Artificial CCD for soldiers includes BDUs, camouflage nets, skin paint, and natural materials removed from their original positions. To be effective, artificial CCD must blend with the natural background. Noise, movement, and light discipline contribute fm 20 3 camouflage individual CCD: Noise discipline muffles and eliminates sounds made by soldiers and their equipment.
FM Camouflage, Concealment, and Decoys :: Military Publications - Field Manuals - USAHEC
Movement discipline minimizes movement within and between positions and limits movement to routes that cannot be readily observed by an enemy. Light discipline controls fm 20 3 camouflage use of lights at night. Avoid open fires, do not smoke tobacco in the open, and do not walk around with a lit flashlight.
Dispersal is the deliberate deployment of soldiers and equipment over a wide area.
It is a key individual survival technique. Dispersal creates a smaller target mass for enemy fm 20 3 camouflage and weapons systems. Therefore, it reduces casualties and losses in the event of an attack and also makes enemy detection efforts more difficult.
Every soldier should have a detailed understanding of the recognition factors described in Chapter 3.
While all of these factors remain fm 20 3 camouflage when applying individual CCD, the following factors are critical: Movement draws attention, whether it involves vehicles on the road or individuals walking around positions.
The naked eye, IR, and radar sensors can detect movement.
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Minimize movement while in the open and remember that darkness does not prevent observation by an enemy equipped with modern sensors. When movement is necessary, slow, smooth movement attracts less attention than fm 20 3 camouflage, irregular movement. Use CCD materials to break up the shapes and shadows of positions and equipment.
- FM - Camouflage -
- FM CAMOUFLAGE CONCEALMENT DECOYS
- FM 20-3 Camouflage, Concealment, and Decoys
- FM 20-3, ARMY FIELD MANUAL: CAMOUFLAGE, CONCEALMENT, AND DECOYS (30-AUG-1999)
Stay in the shadows whenever possible, especially when moving, because shadows can visually mask objects. When conducting operations close to fm 20 3 camouflage enemy, disguise or distort helmet and body shapes with artificial CCD materials because an enemy can easily recognize them at close range.
A unit commander must encourage each soldier to think of survivability and CCD as synonymous terms. Training soldiers to recognize this correlation fm 20 3 camouflage a greater appreciation of CCD values.
A metric conversion chart is provided in Appendix A.
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