The Factories Act, was passed with a view to fix the wages of was a pioneer in organizing the labour movement in British India. The Factories Act, (Act No. 63 of ), as amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, Insurance Act, · Negotiable Instruments Act, · Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, · Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial. The Factory Acts were a series of UK labour law Acts passed by the Parliament of the United foundries, metal and india-rubber works, paper mills, glass works, tobacco factories, letterpress printing works, . to cover the more than , workplaces registered (in ) and attempt to detect unregistered workplaces.


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The buildings must have sufficient windows and openings for ventilation, and should be cleaned at least twice yearly with quicklime and water; this included ceilings and walls.

Apprentices could not work during the night between 9 pm and 6 am indian factory act 1881, and their working hours indian factory act 1881 not exceed 12 hours a day, excluding the time taken for breaks. The Act specified that this should be done every working day within usual working hours but did not state how much time should be set aside for it.

Educational classes should be held in a part of the mill or factory designed for the purpose.

Factory Acts - Wikipedia

Every Sunday, for one hour, apprentices were to be taught the Christian religion; every other Sunday, divine service indian factory act 1881 be held in the factory, and every month the apprentices should visit a church.

They indian factory act 1881 be prepared for confirmation in the Church of England between the ages of 14 and 18 and must be examined by a clergyman at least once a year.

Male and female apprentices were to sleep separately and not more than two per bed. The visitors had the power to impose fines for non-compliance and the authority to visit at any time of the day to inspect the premises.


III c66 stated that no children under 9 were to be employed and that children aged 9—16 years were limited to 12 hours' work per day.

It was seen through Parliament by Sir Robert Peel ; it had its origins in a draft prepared by Robert Owen in but the Act that emerged in was indian factory act 1881 watered-down from Owen's draft.

It was also effectively unenforceable; enforcement was left to local magistrates, but they could only inspect a mill indian factory act 1881 two witnesses had given sworn statements that the mill was breaking the Act.

An amending Act 60 Geo. When any accident disabled a factory as had just happened at New Lanarknightworking in the rest of the works by those who had previously worked in the affected factory was permitted until the accident was made good.

He doubted whether shortening the hours of work would be injurious even to the interests of the manufacturers; as the children would be able, while they were employed, to pursue their occupation with greater vigour and activity.

At the same time, there was nothing to warrant a comparison with the condition of the negroes in the West Indies. The Act had specified that a mealbreak of an hour should be taken between 11 a.

History of India

A parent's assertion of a child's age was sufficient, and relieved employers of any liability should the child indian factory act 1881 fact be younger.

JPs who were millowners or the fathers or sons of millowners could not hear complaints under the Act. IV c39 Acts repealed were 59 Geo.

Night working was forbidden for anyone under 21 and if a mill had been working at night the onus of proof was on the millowner to show nobody under-age had indian factory act 1881 employed.


The limitation of working hours to twelve now applied up to age eighteen. Complaints could only indian factory act 1881 if made within three weeks of the offence; on the other hand JPs who were the brothers of millowners were now also debarred from hearing Factory Act cases.

Factory Acts

Hobhouse's claim of general support was optimistic; the Bill originally covered all textile mills; the Act as passed again applied only to cotton mills.

A network of 'Short Time Indian factory act 1881 had grown up in the textile districts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, working for a 'ten-hour day Act ' for children, with many millhands in the Ten Hour Movement hoping that this would in practice also limit the adult working day.

It indian factory act 1881 only spur them on to greater exertions, and would undoubtedly lead to certain success " [13] [14] Sadler's Bill [ edit ] Sadler's Bill when introduced indeed corresponded closely to the aims of the Short Time Committees.

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