The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called red muntjac and barking deer, is a common muntjac deer species in South and Southeast Asia. It is listed as  Species‎: ‎M. muntjak. Muntiacus muntjak can be found in southern and southeastern Asia, from Pakistan east through India and Nepal, across southeast Asia and southern China. Genus, Muntiacus Rafinesque, – muntjaks. Species, Muntiacus muntjak (Zimmermann, ) – Red Muntjac, Indian muntjac. Direct Children: Subspecies.


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MUNTIACUS MUNTJAC PDF DOWNLOAD


MUNTIACUS MUNTJAC PDF DOWNLOAD

Some of their predators include pythons, jackals, tigers, leopards, muntiacus muntjac crocodiles. Glossary bilateral symmetry having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Southern Red Muntjac is widely hunted across its range e. However, there is no strong evidence that either hunting or habitat disruption are actually threats to the survival of populations except in the case of islands such as Singapore, where it is now extinct Baker and Lim Peak densities muntiacus muntjac not in pristine forest see Habitat and Ecologyand in Danum Valley Sabah, Borneoan area with negligible hunting, M.

Hence, even quite severe habitat disruption can increase ecological carrying capacity for this muntjac, at least temporarily. In an area with heavy muntiacus muntjac, recorded densities of muntjacs presumed M.

Poaching pressure in Kerinci-Seblat Muntiacus muntjac Park, Sumatra, among snared ungulates was greatest for muntjac as assessed by the diameter of the cable. Snaring is locally very high in the protected area, e.

Indian muntjac

Data are too sparse to determine whether this hunting is driving declines. Habitat loss muntiacus muntjac also severe including within parts of the park Linkie muntiacus muntjac al. Muntjacs are widely and heavily hunted on Borneo for meat, skins, and as a source of traditional remedies Bennett et al.

Traditionally, hunting used traps, dogs and spears, and blowpipes.

MUNTIACUS MUNTJAC PDF DOWNLOAD

Hunters in remote parts of the interior still use these methods, but muntiacus muntjac animals now die by gunfire. Sarawak held 60, legally registered shotguns while Sabah held almost 13, in muntiacus muntjac mid s Bennett et al.

Methods used in Indonesia include guns and spotlights along logging roads, snaring, and dogs G.

ADW: Muntiacus muntjak: INFORMATION

The combination of dogs and guns may be particularly efficient Belden Giman pers. Snaring is still very heavy outside well-secured areas, but muntiacus muntjac remain an even bigger problem Bennett et al. Unaccompanied packs muntiacus muntjac stray or even perhaps feral dogs are also likely to be a threat, particularly in forest isolates close to urban areas e.

The body length of muntjacs varies from 35—53 in and their height ranges from 15—26 in.

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Unique to the muntjac is the strong musculature of facial scent glands which has been observed to be even stronger in fawns than adults. They muntiacus muntjac the only species of deer to have frontal glands with a pair of slits on the face in line with the antler pedicles and possess a pair of massive pre-orbital glands.

Males have larger glands than females which they use to mark the ground or in some cases other members of their species. Captive muntjac of known and approximately known ages were muntiacus muntjac for their molar wear patterns.

Southern red muntjac videos, photos and facts - Muntiacus muntjak | Arkive

They were shown to have a curvilinear relationship between age and tooth wear. This species is most densely located in Southeast Asia. They muntiacus muntjac wander far from water.



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