Guatemala: Nunca Mas. Volumen II-III: Los Mecanismos del Horror. Informe del Projecto La Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica (REMHI). Guatemala. Responsibility: REMHI, Recovery of Historical Memory Project ; the official report of the Human Rights Office, Uniform Title: Guatemala, nunca más. English. On April 26, , just two days after publicly presenting the final report of the Recovery of Historical Memory (REMHI) Project, Bishop Juan Gerardi, who Missing: nunca mas.
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Report findngs During the last 36 years of armed conflict in Guatemala, human rights violations have affected a vast proportion of the population: To make things bearable we have to bring them to remhi guatemala nunca mas. Direct victims of the war, approximately: Violence against families and individuals Many families suffered multiple losses of family members: Furthermore, families suffered family harassment, hounding and later persecution, which often caused their break-up.
Over a longer timescale they have had to face family crises of an economic nature povertysocial an overloading of roles and emotional separation which to a great extent have continued to today. Today, most of the people who testified still show remhi guatemala nunca mas of the violence they have suffered.
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Sadness and a sense of injustice still persist, as do, to a lesser extent, health problems, loneliness and traumatic memories.
These factors demonstrate the great need for providing the type of mental health support for the people remhi guatemala nunca mas families affected which takes account of their experiences, and social measures to help mitigate the damage and promote justice.
Women appear to be the most affected by the loss of family members. There is remhi guatemala nunca mas the implication that the consequences of the war in terms of family responsibilities have fallen to a great extent on their shoulders. The information gathered specifically confirms the need for providing psychological and social support to widows.
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remhi guatemala nunca mas In addition to the enormous personal and emotional overloading suffered by women, many have had to face up to changes not only in their daily lives but also in their social role.
Many women confronted the violence in direct forms, opening up for question some of the stereotypes about the role of women in the family and society in the context of war.
It was women, for example, who mobilised remhi guatemala nunca mas to go in search of members of their family, to make the events public and to put pressure on the authorities.
Children also feature in most of the testimonies. Half the cases of massacres registered recounted the collective murder of boys and girls.
The descriptions of the ways in which they were killed burned alive, macheted to remhi guatemala nunca mas and suffering severe head injuries give an indication of the impact of the horror which is still remembered today with great suffering.
Violations like these committed against young remhi guatemala nunca mas constitute one of the characteristics of genocide pointed out in the report 3.
Violence against communities and society Political violence also affected the social and community fabric, especially in rural areas where the massacres had a very significant effect on the social structure of the indigenous communities, on power structures and on Mayan cultural relations in which the community represents an essential component of personal identity.
Guatemala: never again | Forced Migration Review
Alongside the destruction, it was also very evident that there was a profound crisis at a community level with incidences of distrust and breakdown within indigenous communities. Religious practices, in both the Mayan and Catholic religion, had to change due to persecution and the loss of sacred sites and places for worship.
The cultural remhi guatemala nunca mas which people described most were the loss of religious rites and festivals, the change in values, and loss of indigenous languages and dress: Confronting the violence Despite the dangers, many people remhi guatemala nunca mas groups actively confronted the violence in different ways: Adaptation in the midst of violence Many people had to adapt to living for years in a military context and in doing so they employed: Fleeing to save their lives The forced migrations gave rise to many forms of active defence: Collective and community displacements, generally for remhi guatemala nunca mas long period of time in places that were not under control of the state, either in the form of exile or of creating an alternative life in the mountains.
Displacement of families, moving to another community in many cases, temporarily and to the capital.
Community defence Community based vigilance, precaution taking and organisation were part of the life of the communities living in exile and in the mountains where a restructuring of daily life and local power relations took place, demonstrating an active, collective confrontation of the situation.
Resistance in extreme situations Many people suffered greatly as a remhi guatemala nunca mas of remhi guatemala nunca mas tortured or of living in the mountains, but they also showed an enormous capacity to face up to traumatic experiences.
In confronting these extreme experiences, they drew from their own resources, relying on their own convictions and the support of others.
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