Technology, knowledge and science are fundamental in modern contemporary society. Studies of technology and science provides students with insight into how different processes of knowledge are initiated and progressed, and how innovative technological processes are developed, employed and increase in importance. Data, research and guidelines on science and technology including biotechnology, Technologies continue to develop rapidly and combine in novel and. The Department of Science & Technology plays a pivotal role in promotion of science & technology in the country.


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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PDF DOWNLOAD


Science and technology - Wikipedia

Technology is the collection of techniques, methods or processes used in the production of goods or services or science and technology the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation, or any other consumer demands. Science may drive technological development, by generating demand for new instruments to address a scientific question, or by illustrating technical possibilities previously unconsidered.

In turn, technology may drive scientific investigation, by creating demand for technological improvements that can only be produced through research, and by raising questions about the underlying principles that a new technology relies on. For the majority of human history, technological improvements were achieved by chance, trial and error, or spontaneous inspiration.

The understanding of how social, cultural and material elements influence the production of science and technology practices, new ways science and technology understanding and new institutions is vital in our understanding of contemporary postmodern society.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PDF DOWNLOAD

Studies of technology and science provides students science and technology insight into science and technology different processes of knowledge are initiated and progressed, and how innovative technological processes are developed, employed and increase in importance.

Studies of technology and science gives insight into the understanding and knowledge of technology, science and knowledge from the viewpoint of the humanities and the social sciences.

Science and Technology - Oxford Reference

I wish that everyone understood the scientific science and technology, and in particular the unique importance of the controlled experiment as a method of scientific discovery. Children should be taught at school what an experiment is and why it is such a powerful way of discovering the truth.

Psychology uses various research methods, but the most powerful is undoubtedly controlled experimentation, not because it is more objective or precise than other methods, but because it is uniquely capable of providing evidence of causal effects.

The defining features of an experiment are manipulation of a conjectured causal factor, called an independent variable because it is manipulated independently of other variables, and examination of the effect of this on a dependent variablewhile simultaneously controlling all other extraneous variables that might otherwise influence the dependent variable.

Science and technology psychological experiments, extraneous variables can seldom be controlled directly, partly because people differ from one another in ways that affect their behaviour.

Science and Technology Studies (STS)

Inthe British science and technology Ronald Fisher discovered a powerful method of control called randomization. By assigning subjects or participants to an experimental group and a control group strictly at random, and then treating the two groups identically apart from the manipulated independent variable applied to the experimental group onlyan experimenter can control, at a single stroke, for all individual differences and other extraneous variables, including ones that no one has science and technology considered.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PDF DOWNLOAD

Randomization does not guarantee that the two groups will be identical but rather that any differences between the groups science and technology follow precisely the known laws of probability.

This explains the purpose and function of statistical significance tests in psychology. For any observed difference, a significance test enables a researcher to calculate the probability that a difference at least as large as the observed difference could science and technology by chance alone.



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