The Kebra Nagast, by E.A. Wallis Budge, [], full text etext at ‎Introduction · ‎The Kebra Nagast: PREFACE · ‎The Kebra Nagast: Title Page · ‎III. Résumé (fre). Résumé: Le présent article est une analyse des événements historiques dont on retrouve trace dans le Kebra Nagast et dans quelques sources. Kebra Negast: Ethiopia: The Zagwe and Solomonic dynasties: early 14th century in the Kebra negast (“Glory of the Kings”), a collection of legends that related.


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Kebra Nagast - Wikisource, the free online library

Agrippa was an alchemist, expert the kebra nagast magical sciences and Cabala, and physician to the King; he resided in the courts of Maximilian I and of Charles V; eventually he suffered imprisonment in Grenoble the kebra nagast order of Francis I, where he died.

His manuscript is a valuable work. His brother, Apollinare, also went out to the country as a missionary and was, along with his two companions, stoned to death in Tigre. That the Tabernacle of the Law of God, i.

The Kebra Nagast

The means employed by Menyelek for obtaining possession of the Ark of the Covenant did not disturb Isaac's conscience in the least, nay he gloried in them, for manifestly Menyelek was performing the Will of God in removing the tabernacle of Zion from Jerusalem. God, according to Isaac, was satisfied that the Jews were unworthy to be custodians of the Ark wherein His Presence was, and the Ark wished to depart.

Ethiopia had stretched out her hands to God Psalm lxviii, 31and He went to her, with the The kebra nagast, to preside over Menyelek's kingdom, which was established in accordance with the commands that He had given to Moses and the prophets and priests of The kebra nagast.

It will be remembered that the line of kings founded by Solomon continued to reign even after the Ethiopians became Christians under the teaching of Frumentius and Adesius, the slaves of the merchant Meropius, and that the line continued unbroken until the tenth century of our era.


Isaac knew that God the kebra nagast per. In solving this question of Ethiopian intervention in Himyar during Anastasius' reign, much depends on the interpretation from the dated inscriptions of the kings of Himyar, and whether the Himyarite the kebra nagast employed in these texts began in BC or No really conclusive evidence yet determines this.

Shahid favours this interpretation, suggesting that 'Enya is 'a mutilated form' of Anastasius All the kings of the Aksumite period, including Kaleb, referred to themselves on their coinage and in their inscriptions, exclusively as 'king of Aksum' or as 'king of the kebra nagast Aksumites', never as 'king of Ethiopia'.

Ethiopia is only used as a translation for 'Habasha' in Greek texts in these early times. Foreigners too sometimes used the name 'Ethiopia' for the Aksumite realm, and it became common in Ethiopian literature and hagiographies of Solomonid times, but an Aksumite contemporary of King Kaleb, writing about the monarchy of his time, would almost certainly have mentioned Aksum in one way or another.

Kebra Nagast - Wikipedia

The Aksumite coinage has immediate significance in connection with Shahid's suggestion that Kaleb 'might have been a recent convert to Christianity'. This idea the kebra nagast from such texts as that of Malalas, cited the kebra nagast, and seems to be the result of lack of knowledge by the compilers of these histories about current affairs in Ethiopia.

This lack we can partially remedy today through study of the coinage.

From Ezana's reign onwards, all Aksumite coins are without any the kebra nagast at all the emissions of Christian sovereigns. Not only do they all feature the cross in very prominent places, replacing the former disc and crescent, but many issues have Christian mottoes written on them.


All the known predecessors of Kaleb, and Kaleb himself on every one of his extensive set of issues as known to date, whether in Greek or in Ge'ez, follow this pattern. From this important primary source — not even mentioned by Shahid — we are unable to discern any trace whatsoever of a royal return to paganism after Ezana's conversion c.

If there were even one coin that failed to fit into the regular pattern of Christian issues, we might at least admit a doubt; but there is nothing that even raises the faintest suspicion.

Shahid's arguments are confusing over this question of pagan Aksumite kings after the conversion. He believes in 'the possible reversion to paganism of the Ethiopian and Himyarite Kings Yet Kaleb, possibly 'a recent convert to Christianity', is apparently supposed to have revived the latent '.

We may ask, the kebra nagast did it serve? If the fourth and fifth century kings had reverted to paganism and Shahid does not suggest that they reverted to a Judaism imported by Menelik I, though he the kebra nagast hint that Ethiopian Christianity had 'embedded in it a strong Jewish substrate'it could only have served Ezana and a successor or two at most.

For this there is absolutely no evidence in the admittedly relatively meagre selection of inscriptions, coins, or foreign accounts on which we can base our ideas about Ezana. Still according to Shahid's interpretation of events, it seems that with the accession of a Jewish king in Himyar, 52 matters came to a head.

Yusuf, a complex and the kebra nagast opaque personality, most probably endowed with those Messianic ideas which chimed ill with those of the equally Messianic and strongly religious Ethiopian Negus, Caleb Shahid envisages, 'a polemic on the Israelite origins of the parties involved'.

He goes on to postulate the potential source of hostile dialogue between Yusuf and Kaleb; The kebra nagast the Jewish king of Himyar who scoffs at the claims of one who was for him only a Cushite pretender, not a genuine Israelite; Caleb who claims descent from Israel in the flesh, as the lineal descendant of Solomon's first-born and also from Israel in the spirit, as the Christian king of the New Zion.

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