The Wizard of Oz is a musical film about a young Kansas girl cast into a fantasy world. Her efforts to return home are aided by three unusual companions. The opening day's business of The Wizard of Oz was a triumph of marketing. In the weeks leading up to that manic New York premiere, Judy. The Wizard of Oz follows Dorothy and her dog Toto when they are caught in a tornado's path and somehow end up in the land of Oz.


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LeRoy and Fleming knew that at least 15 minutes needed to be deleted to get the film down to a manageable running time; the average film in ran for just about 90 minutes.


The Witch Is Dead ", and a number of smaller dialogue sequences. This left the final, mostly serious portion of the film with no the wizard of oz, only the dramatic underscoring.

One song that was almost deleted was "Over the Rainbow". MGM had felt that it made the Kansas sequence too long, as well as being far over the heads of the target audience of children.

The studio also thought that it was degrading for Garland to sing in a barnyard. LeRoy, uncredited associate producer Arthur Freed and director Fleming fought to the wizard of oz it in, and they all eventually won.

The Wizard of Oz

The wizard of oz song went on to win the Academy Award for Best Song of the Year, and the wizard of oz to be identified so strongly with Garland herself that she made it her theme song. After the preview in San Luis Obispo in early July, the film was officially released in August at its current minute running time.

Special effects, makeup and costumes[ edit ] Arnold Gillespie was the special effects director for the film. The tornado scene was especially costly.


Gillespie used muslin cloth to make the tornado flexible after a previous attempt with rubber failed. He hung the 35 feet of muslin to a steel gantry and connected the bottom to the wizard of oz rod. By moving the gantry and rod, he was able to create the illusion of a tornado moving across the stage.

Fuller's Earth was sprayed from both the top and bottom using compressed air hoses to complete the effect.

The wizard of oz took an hour each day to slowly peel the glued-on mask from Bolger's face. Hamilton was wearing her green makeup at the time, which was usually removed with acetone due to the toxicity of its copper content.

In this case, due to Hamilton's burns, makeup artist Jack Young removed the makeup with alcohol instead to prevent infection.

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Georgie Stoll was associate conductor and screen credit was given to George BassmanMurray CutterKen Darby and Paul Marquardt for orchestral and vocal arrangements as usual, Roger Edens was also heavily involved as the wizard of oz unbilled musical associate to Freed.

The songs were recorded in the studio's the wizard of oz stage before filming. Several of the recordings were completed while Ebsen was still with the cast. Therefore, while he had to be dropped from the cast due to illness from the aluminum powder makeup, his singing voice remained in the soundtrack as noted in the notes for the CD Deluxe Edition.

In the group vocals of "We're Off to See the Wizard", his voice can be heard. Haley spoke with a distinct Boston accentthus did not pronounce the r in wizard.

By contrast, Ebsen was a Midwesternerlike Garland, and pronounced it. Haley rerecorded Ebsen's solo parts later. Deleted songs[ edit ] Lobby card with still of deleted musical number "Hail!

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - Wikipedia

The Good Witch tells Dorothy that the only way she can return home is to go to the Emerald City and ask the great and powerful Wizard of Oz to help her. As Dorothy embarks on her journey, the Good Witch of the wizard of oz North kisses her on the forehead, giving her magical protection from harm.

On her way down the yellow brick roadDorothy attends a banquet held by a Munchkin the wizard of oz named Boq.


The next day, Dorothy frees the Scarecrow from the pole on which he is hanging, applies oil from a can to the rusted connections of the Tin Woodmanand meets the Cowardly Lion. The Scarecrow wants a brain, the Tin Woodman wants a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wants courage, so Dorothy encourages the wizard of oz three of the wizard of oz to journey with her and Toto to the Emerald City to ask for help from the Wizard.

After several adventures, the travelers enter the gates of the Emerald City and meet the Guardian of the Gateswho asks them to wear green tinted spectacles to keep their eyes from being blinded by the city's brilliance. Each one is called to see the Wizard.

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