Industrial civilization has led to the tremendous growth of industries including the hazardous ones. Water is one of the most important industrial materials. Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers. Industrial waste is defined as waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes. Hazardous waste may result from manufacturing or other industrial processes. Water pollution signifies contamination of water bodies, which makes their water unfit for drinking and other purposes. There are basically five primary sources of water pollution―domestic sewage, agricultural runoff, industrial effluents, wastewater from septic tanks, and stormwater runoff.


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Many industrial facilities use freshwater to carry away waste from the plant and into rivers, lakes and oceans. Pollutants from industrial sources include: Asbestos — This pollutant is a serious health hazard and carcinogenic.

Asbestos fibres can be inhaled and cause illnesses such as asbestosis, mesothelioma, lung cancer, intestinal cancer and liver cancer. Lead — This water pollution by industries a metallic element and can cause health and environmental problems.

It is a non-biodegradable substance so is hard to clean up once the environment is contaminated. Nitrates and phosphates are basically found in fertilizers, and they can contribute to the process of eutrophication, which can cause the formation of dead zones.

On the other hand, presence of high levels of carbon tetrachloride in drinking water can cause liver water pollution by industries. Another industrial pollutant benzene is suspected to be associated with diseases like anemia and low blood platelets, and an increased risk for cancer.

Causes and Effects of Industrial Water Pollution You Never Noticed

The chemical chlorobenzene found in insecticides and dyes can adversely affect the liver, kidneys, and the central nervous system. Toluene is basically a pollutant generated by the oil and petroleum industry, which too can affect the liver, kidneys, and the central nervous system.

Volatile organic chemicals are basically solvents used in a wide range of industrial and household products. When not disposed properly, these chemicals can pollute the groundwater. They can water pollution by industries a wide range of health problems like headaches, nausea, liver damage, and memory impairment.

Control and Prevention Though industrial water pollution is difficult to contain, it is not impossible. A greater awareness water pollution by industries to be created among the common mass about how water gets polluted, its effects on human health and marine life, and how it can be prevented.

It is not possible to reduce water pollution without public cooperation, and cooperation of industrial units. Strict pollution control laws and legislation, and their effective implementation do have an important role in controlling any kind of pollution.

The development of affordable pollution control equipment, and incentives from government for installing such equipment can encourage industries to take up pollution control seriously. Some industrial wastes are water pollution by industries wastes, just like domestic sewage.

Causes and Effects of Industrial Water Pollution You Never Noticed

Such wastes can be easily treated by the municipal facilities. But some wastes like heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, and water pollution by industries and grease do need special treatments. Industries can install a pre-treatment system to separate such dangerous wastes.

The partially treated wastewater can be sent water pollution by industries the municipal system for further purification. Large-scale industries generate a great amount of wastewater. Such industries should redesign their manufacturing processes to reduce the amount of pollutants and operate their own on-site treatment systems.

In primary treatment, pollutants are separated from water with the help of screening, grinding, flocculation, and sedimentation processes. In secondary treatment, biological methods are used for wastewater treatment.


Finally, the wastewater is recycled in tertiary treatment with the help of biological, physical, and chemical processes. Thermal pollution is also a big problem surrounding nuclear power plants.

Industrial Water and Water Pollution

Any byproduct of a nuclear power plant is potentially dangerous and likely to be radioactive. The nature water pollution by industries nuclear power means all of the waste produced at the location is going to be full of radioactive material. Anywhere nuclear power is processed, this is going to happen.

Most nuclear power plants use a lot of water as part of their regular processes.

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